The non -repayable loans represent a valid car for all those newly established companies or those that carry out activities of public interest. Basically, they are contributions granted by public bodies or financial companies that are provided to encourage and help new entrepreneurs to start a business. They consist of capital contributions and, therefore, they must neither be returned to a specific date nor can an interest rate be applied to them.
The subject that provides the non- repayable loans will never ask for their return.
It is, as you may have guessed, important tools to support entrepreneurship, very important especially in times of economic crisis.
These loans tend to be granted by regional, local, state or European bodies and have a very specific purpose: to encourage and help the development of new business activities in the territory. In order to access these contributions, specific calls are made periodically.
To apply for a non -repayable loan, it will be necessary to fill in the specific application related to the call for applications: the application must include the business plan and a series of documents containing information on the emerging company and the objectives to be achieved.
New companies set up by young people ( so-called start-ups) or all those companies that are mostly made up of women can benefit from this type of funding.
Non-repayable loans are disbursed by companies owned by public bodies or by the same public bodies through affiliated credit institutions. Often the National Authorities such as the State and the Regions provide the capital. In these cases, the disbursement of the contributions is connected to EU regulations.
It is not excluded, however, that private entities can also provide non-repayable loans. In fact, it may happen that an association or a foundation wants to help a specific company to realize welfare goals through the granting of non-repayable contributions.
But who, in concrete terms, are the subjects that can benefit from this category of financing?
The beneficiaries of the non-repayable loans
As we have amply pointed out, these contributions respond to the need to help the development of new entrepreneurial activities in disadvantaged areas or of companies that – due to their peculiar characteristics – are considered “weak” in the national market. These are the companies that can enjoy non -repayable loans because they need specific and dedicated measures to be able to concretely “leave”.
For this reason, the first category of subjects that can enjoy these contributions is represented by the new entrepreneurs. Non-repayable loans are mainly aimed at those new entrepreneurs who need access to liquidity to undertake new business activities. They are the so-called “start-ups”. And it is to help young entrepreneurs who are periodically prepared for specific calls at national level to help these new businesses grow.
The second category of subjects that can benefit from this contribution is composed of young entrepreneurs who are under 35 years old. Many tenders for granting non-repayable loans were then carried out to support and protect female entrepreneurship. Thanks to these contributions, many companies, mostly women, have managed to start, grow and establish themselves on the market.
Finally, these contributions are often paid also to companies operating in determining particularly disadvantaged territorial areas both in the economic and in terms of competitiveness. Also in this case the ratio is clear: to favor the development of these companies and help them grow.
Non-repayable loans granted by the State
The State is one of the main providers of this type of contribution. Non-repayable state funding is provided by Invitalia or by the national agency for attracting investments and for developing the company. Specific regulations are issued periodically governing the methods and requirements to be able to access contributions.
Let’s see what are the main forms of non -repayable state funding at present:
– financing for self-employment. These contributions are made to promote the creation of new businesses or to promote the development of existing companies. They tend to turn to those companies that are composed, for the majority, of young people aged between 18 and 35 years. These grants are provided to provide support to those young people who want to make investments of no more than 2.5 million euros to undertake a business activity linked to the supply of new services and the production of goods.
They are disbursed in the form of a subsidized loan or a non-repayable loan.
– loans for self-employment. These contributions are made to incentivize and help unemployed people or people looking for a first job to start small business activities or self-employment or franchising activities. They are disbursed in the form of a non-repayable grant and a subsidized loan.
– Smart & Start loans. These contributions are usually provided to support those innovative business projects. They are dedicated to those companies that operate in the South: Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Puglia, Sardinia and Sicily, and the municipalities of the eagle affected by the earthquake.
Finally, as we have pointed out above, there are also non -repayable loans granted by the European Union. These contributions are normally paid on the basis of European Structural Funds. They are funded to support different types of business activities. They can be provided to finance the construction of infrastructures or to help companies create new jobs. These contributions are also provided within the European Social Fund which is intended for training and education.